Mary Ruddy is a Vice President on the Garter for Technical Professionals Identity and Access Management (IAM) team. She serves as the Key Initiative Leader for the IAM topic area. Her primary coverage areas are access management including customer IAM, single sign-on, identity protocols and federation, modern IAM architecture and API protection. Other topics she covers include mobile authorization, trust elevation (step-up, dynamic, continuous, risk-based and adaptive authentication), identity analytics, bring your own identity (BYOI), trust frameworks, government identity initiatives and identity standards. She is a founding member of the OASIS Electronic Identity Credential Trust Elevation Methods Technical Committee and Chair of Identity Commons. Ms. Ruddy was also a founding member of the Identity Ecosystem Steering Group (IDESG), which was formed in response to the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC).