Andy Kyte is a Vice President and Gartner Fellow in Gartner Research and is a member of the Application Strategy and Governance team. With more than 35 years of experience in the application arena, Mr. Kyte now focuses his research on the challenges facing CIOs and business management teams in managing large complex application portfolios while dealing with continuous demand from business managers for more application capability. This involves developing an understanding of best practices in application strategy and application life cycle management, covering both packaged applications and application development. His work on application strategy is centered on the major theme of Bimodal IT, with a strong focus on application cost containment, and encompasses application total cost of ownership, the unfashionable but vitally important discipline of application maintenance, the quagmire that is "Technical Debt", the challenges of decommissioning applications and the need for focus on non-functional requirements. As a senior member of the Gartner Research community, he is in great demand as a keynote speaker, having participated in events in 46 different countries during the last 20 years.