Gartner Research

The P-Languages: PHP, Perl, and Python for Enterprise Scripting

Published: 21 March 2005

ID: G00203002

Analyst(s): Richard Monson-Haefel


PHP, Perl, and Python (the P-Languages) are scripting languages suitable for web development, system administration, and integration. In the proper context, they can be five times more productive than general-purpose languages such as C++, Java, and C#. In this Application Platform Strategies overview, Burton Group Analyst Richard Monson-Haefel discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the P-Languages in enterprise application development.

Table Of Contents



  • The Myth of the Omnipotent Programming Language
  • More than Scripting Languages
  • More Productive than the G-Languages
    • Speed vs. Productivity
  • Platform Independent
  • Appropriate Problem Domains
    • Web Development
    • System Administration
    • Limited Integration
    • Other Areas
  • Support, Documentation, and Training
  • Performance
  • Security
  • Tools, Frameworks, and IDEs
  • PHP
    • PHP in Web Development
  • Perl
    • Perl in System Administration and Integration
    • Perl and Web Development
  • Python
    • Python in Integration
    • Python in Application Development
    • Python in Web Development
  • The Future of the P-Languages
  • Recommendations
    • PHP
    • Perl
    • Python

The Details

  • The P-Languages vs. the G-Languages
    • Typing
    • Abstraction
    • Execution
    • Applications
  • PHP
    • Performance
    • Security
    • Understanding the PHP Culture
  • Perl
    • Performance
    • Security
    • Understanding the Perl Culture
  • Python
    • Performance
    • Security
    • Understanding the Python Culture



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