Gartner Research

Application Factoring

Published: 20 April 2004

ID: G00203033

Analyst(s): Chris Haddad


As organizations migrate to service-oriented architecture (SOA), architects will increasingly create applications by aggregating and connecting composable services instead of traditional components. In this addition to the Reference Architecture, architects can find information on how to factor monolithic applications into discrete application services through the use of service design practices.

Table Of Contents

Decision Point

  • Introduction

Typical Requirements

  • Flexibility and Adaptability
  • Loose Coupling
  • Reducing Redundant Application Code
  • Interoperability
  • Performance
  • Separation of Concerns
  • Federation
  • Secure Access


  • Service Granularity
  • Interface Granularity
  • Service Coupling
  • Application Composition
  • NAP Infrastructure
    • Web Services Framework
    • Non-WSF
  • Service Access
    • NAP Access
    • Platform Access
  • Policy

Future Developments

  • Unification of Application Platform and NAP
  • Maturation of the Web Services Framework Standards
  • Service-Oriented Language
  • Software As a Service

Evaluation Criteria

Statement & Basis for Position

  • Service Factoring Position
    • Factor the functionality into a service.
    • Implement a platform-specific technique to share the function.
  • Service Abstraction Position
    • Expose an abstract, general-purpose interface.
    • Expose a platform-specific interface.
  • Interface Granularity Position
    • Design coarse-grained service interfaces.
    • Design fine-grained service interfaces.
  • Interface Separation Position
    • Define a decoupled interface definition.
    • Define a tightly bound interface definition.
  • Performance Position
    • Maximize performance by accessing as a platform component.
    • Maximize flexibility by accessing as a service.
  • NAP Infrastructure Position
    • Deploy infrastructure based on the Web services framework.
    • Deploy infrastructure based on technology other NAP-enabling technology.

Relationship to Other Components

Revision History

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