Gartner Research

The Rebel Frameworks: J2EE Open Source Alternatives and Supplements

Published: 21 December 2004

ID: G00203119

Analyst(s): Richard Monson-Haefel


The complexity of the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) has produced a wave of nonstandardized open source frameworks that are positioned as alternatives and supplements to J2EE. These are the Java rebel frameworks. In this overview, Senior Analyst Richard Monson-Haefel examines the rebel framework movement within three areas: Web frameworks, persistence frameworks, and lightweight containers.

Table Of Contents



  • J2EE Open Source vs. the Rebel Frameworks
  • Rebels as Supplements to J2EE
  • Rebel Frameworks as Alternatives to J2EE
  • Rebels: A Single Implementation; No Standard
  • Comparing Rebel Frameworks
    • Web Frameworks
    • Persistence Frameworks
    • Lightweight Containers
  • Open Source Lock-In
  • The Future of Rebel Frameworks
  • Recommendations
    • When Should an Organization Avoid Rebel Frameworks?
    • When Should an Organization Choose a Rebel Framework?
    • Which Rebel Frameworks Should an Organization Choose?
    • What Rebel Frameworks Does Burton Group Recommend?

The Details

  • When Is a Rebel Framework an Alternative to J2EE?
  • Web Frameworks
    • View Technologies
    • MVC Frameworks
    • Event-Driven Frameworks
    • Struts
    • Velocity
    • Tapestry
  • Persistence Frameworks
    • Hibernate
    • iBATIS SQL Maps
    • Castor JDO
  • Lightweight Containers
    • Inversion of Control
    • AOP-Lite
    • Lifecycle Management
    • Configuration and Deployment
    • Leading Lightweight Containers


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