Gartner Research

Risk Assessment Methodologies: NIST Special Publication 800-30

Published: 22 April 2010

ID: G00203949

Analyst(s): Eric Maiwald


The methodology defined in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication (SP) 800-30 is used by the U.S. federal government as well as commercial enterprises as a basis for risk assessment and management. This assessment analyzes the risk assessment methodology defined in NIST SP 800-30. It also examines the use cases for which this methodology is best suited and identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the methodology.

Table Of Contents

Summary of Findings


  • Scope
  • Basis
  • Governance
  • Uses
  • Risk Assessment
  • Results
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Identify a Good List of Threats, Threat Actions, and Vulnerabilities
  • Define Risk Levels Appropriate to Your Organization
  • Perform Quantitative Impact Analyses if You Expect to Perform Cost-Benefit Analyses Around Controls

The Details

  • Step 1: System Characterization
  • Step 2: Threat Identification
  • Step 3: Vulnerability Identification
  • Step 4: Control Analysis
  • Step 5: Likelihood Determination
  • Step 6: Impact Analysis
  • Step 7: Risk Determination
  • Step 8: Control Recommendations
  • Step 9: Results Documentation

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