Gartner Research

A New Era of Programming Languages

Published: 24 January 2011

ID: G00209882

Analyst(s): Kirk Knoernschild

Summary

Traditionally, organizations have tried to minimize the number of programming languages used to develop enterprise applications. However, a language revolution is taking place. New languages will supplant and augment the most popular languages in use today. Multi-language support on the most popular platforms (i.e., Java and .NET) removes the barrier to entry and allows organizations to tap into new compute capabilities, increase process efficiencies, and speed time to market. In this IT1 overview, Analyst Kirk Knoernschild examines this language revolution.

Table Of Contents

Summary of Findings

Analysis

  • Language Evolution
    • The Birth of Language
    • The Compiler Era
    • The Paradigm Era
    • The Productivity Era
    • The Present Day
    • The Postmodern Era
  • Language Adoption
    • Competing Languages
  • The Language Decision
    • Typing Titillation
    • Paradigm Pandemic
    • DSL Dance
    • Runtime Regulation
  • Recommendations
    • Govern Language Adoption
    • Limit Competing Languages; Explore Augmenting Languages
    • Use DSLs When Appropriate
    • Pilot an Augmenting Dynamic Language
    • Explore Functional Languages for Concurrency or High-Availability Systems
    • Leverage Existing Infrastructure Investments

The Details

  • Language Options
    • List of Languages
    • Language Popularity
  • Language Examples
    • Static Isn't Always Strong; Dynamic Isn't Always Weak
    • Expressiveness
    • Internal and External Domain Specific Languages
    • Functional Immutability

Conclusion

Recommended Reading

Notes

©2019 Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. and its affiliates. This publication may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without Gartner’s prior written permission. It consists of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization, which should not be construed as statements of fact. While the information contained in this publication has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, Gartner disclaims all warranties as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Although Gartner research may address legal and financial issues, Gartner does not provide legal or investment advice and its research should not be construed or used as such. Your access and use of this publication are governed by Gartner’s Usage Policy. Gartner prides itself on its reputation for independence and objectivity. Its research is produced independently by its research organization without input or influence from any third party. For further information, see Guiding Principles on Independence and Objectivity.

Already have a Gartner Account?

Become a client

Learn how to access this content as a Gartner client.