Gartner Research

A New Era of Programming Languages

Published: 24 January 2011

ID: G00209882

Analyst(s): Kirk Knoernschild


Traditionally, organizations have tried to minimize the number of programming languages used to develop enterprise applications. However, a language revolution is taking place. New languages will supplant and augment the most popular languages in use today. Multi-language support on the most popular platforms (i.e., Java and .NET) removes the barrier to entry and allows organizations to tap into new compute capabilities, increase process efficiencies, and speed time to market. In this IT1 overview, Analyst Kirk Knoernschild examines this language revolution.

Table Of Contents

Summary of Findings


  • Language Evolution
    • The Birth of Language
    • The Compiler Era
    • The Paradigm Era
    • The Productivity Era
    • The Present Day
    • The Postmodern Era
  • Language Adoption
    • Competing Languages
  • The Language Decision
    • Typing Titillation
    • Paradigm Pandemic
    • DSL Dance
    • Runtime Regulation
  • Recommendations
    • Govern Language Adoption
    • Limit Competing Languages; Explore Augmenting Languages
    • Use DSLs When Appropriate
    • Pilot an Augmenting Dynamic Language
    • Explore Functional Languages for Concurrency or High-Availability Systems
    • Leverage Existing Infrastructure Investments

The Details

  • Language Options
    • List of Languages
    • Language Popularity
  • Language Examples
    • Static Isn't Always Strong; Dynamic Isn't Always Weak
    • Expressiveness
    • Internal and External Domain Specific Languages
    • Functional Immutability


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