Gartner Research

Cross-Platform Mobile Development Frameworks

Published: 14 November 2011

ID: G00218079

Analyst(s): Kirk Knoernschild


Organizations want to avoid the cost and complexity of using native software development kits to develop resident mobile applications. But this desire should not come at the expense of the user experience (UX). To develop portable resident mobile applications, organizations are exploring cross-platform mobile application development frameworks. These frameworks offer portability, but development teams must be careful to select a framework that matches their application requirements, supports their target platforms, and delivers a compelling UX.

Table Of Contents

Summary of Findings


  • Introducing Cross-Platform Mobile Development Frameworks
    • Framework Classification
  • Framework Assessment
  • Portability
    • Toolset Reuse
    • Code Reuse
    • Platforms Supported
  • Native Experience
    • Native Capabilities
    • Native Integration
    • Native UI
    • Performance
  • Development Experience
    • Skills Transfer
    • Tooling
    • Testing
    • Time to Market and Cost


  • Define a Mobile Framework Strategy
  • Limit Framework Adoption to Augmenting Frameworks
  • Use a Hybrid Framework When Portability Is Imperative
  • Use a Hybrid Framework to Leverage the Mobile Web
  • Use Custom Container When Development Experience Is Imperative
  • Use Cross-Compilation When Native Experience Is Imperative
  • Don't Abandon Native SDKs — You'll Still Need Them
  • Leverage Existing Skill Sets


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