Gartner Research

Decision Point for Selecting a Database Technical Architecture

Published: 15 May 2013

ID: G00251914

Analyst(s): Marcus Collins


The selection of an appropriate database technical architecture is fundamental to the ability of an application to meet the SLAs imposed upon it. This Decision Point provides guidance for selecting database architecture from a set of commonly deployed architectural patterns.

Table Of Contents

Decision Point

Decision Context

  • Business and Technology Scenario
  • Architectural Context
  • Related Decision Points

Evaluation Criteria

  • Requirements and Constraints
    • Requirements
    • Constraints
  • Principles
    • Technical Maturity
    • General vs. Optimal Solutions
    • Single Vendor vs. Best of Breed
    • Closed vs. Open Solution
    • Vendor Risk


  • Cluster (Shared Disk)
  • Cluster (Shared Nothing)
  • Cluster (Hardware)
  • Nonclustered
  • NoSQL
  • In-Memory
  • Database and Software Cache
  • Database and Hardware Cache
  • Database Virtualization
  • Apache Hadoop and MapReduce

Decision Tool

  • Characterize Standard Database Architectural Patterns
  • Characterize the Application Requirements
  • Perform a Trade-Off Analysis
  • Example

Decision Justification

  • CEP
  • OLTP
  • Business Analytics
  • Big Data

Recommended Reading

Revision History

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