Gartner Research

Vulnerability Assessment Technology and Vulnerability Management Practices

Published: 07 February 2014

ID: G00255885

Analyst(s): Anton Chuvakin


VA tools play a critical role in enterprise VM. These tools are being expanded to cover security configuration assessment, large-scale prioritization, and cloud, mobile and virtual environments. This document focuses on today's VA technology and VM practices in complex, large-scale IT environments.

Table Of Contents

Summary of Findings


  • Introduction
    • Vulnerability Defined
    • Vulnerability Management and Vulnerability Assessment Defined
    • VM Life Cycle
  • VA/SCA Tool Use Cases
    • Key Use Cases
    • Other VA/SCA Use Cases
  • VA/SCA Core Capabilities
  • Scanning Models and Methods
    • To Authenticate or Not?
    • Vulnerability Identification Methods
  • Vulnerability Scanning in New Environments
    • Virtualization Approaches
    • Public IaaS Approaches
    • Mobile Approaches
  • Deep Enterprise Application Assessment
  • Large Deployment Architecture
    • Scanning Architectures
  • Vulnerability Prioritization
    • Prioritization Method Summary
    • Popular Prioritization Methods
  • Remediation and Mitigation
    • Vulnerability Remediation
    • Vulnerability Mitigation
    • Remediation and Reporting Exceptions
  • VM Practice Maturity
  • Vulnerability Data Integration
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Prioritize Policy and Process First
  • Perform Network Inventory and Asset Discovery
  • Scan All IP Addresses
  • Use Authenticated Scanning Wherever Possible for Higher Accuracy on the Internal Network
  • Perform Internal and External Assessment
  • Build a Process for Vulnerability Prioritization
  • Integrate VA Data Into SIEM, IT GRC and Workflow Systems
  • Secure Systems That Contain Vulnerability Data
  • Perform Remediation Safety Testing
  • Collaborate and Automate to Operationalize Remediation
  • Simplify and Optimize for Operations Teams
  • At the Least, Remediate These Systems
  • Cannot Remediate Fast Enough? Then Mitigate

The Details

  • Asset Discovery
  • Dynamic Assets
  • Identifying Vulnerabilities
    • Scanning Mechanisms
    • Vulnerability Checks
    • Scanning View
  • Case Study: How a Large Organization Performs VM
    • Periodic Scan Definition
    • Ad Hoc Scans
    • Scan Management
    • Scan Data Analysis
    • Remediation Workflow
  • Vulnerability Context for Prioritization


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