Gartner Research

Making Privacy Practical for Technical Professionals

Published: 31 March 2014

ID: G00262356

Analyst(s): Heidi L. Wachs


Privacy fundamentally respects people's dignity and appreciates data's context. Effective privacy programs have solid governance and a dedicated privacy officer. The programs incorporate data inventories, policies, privacy impact assessments, privacy audits, and education and awareness training.

Table Of Contents


  • Privacy Is Not Secrecy
  • Privacy Is Fundamentally Contextual
    • Societal Norms and Starting Assumptions
    • Relationships and Interactions
    • Domains
  • Privacy Principles Are Universal
    • Building a Set of Contextual Privacy Principles
    • Normalized Privacy Principles
  • Characteristics of an Effective Privacy Program
    • The Few, the Proud, the Privacy Team
    • Privacy Governance Structure
    • Documented Principles, Policies and Practices
    • Budget
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses


  • Appoint a Dedicated Privacy Officer
  • Minimize Data Collection Where Possible
  • Establish Governance, but Pace Yourself
  • Carpe Breach
  • Designate a Privacy Referee
  • Anticipate Emerging Privacy Risks

The Details

  • Activities of an Effective Privacy Program
    • Data Inventory and Classification
    • Policy Management
    • Privacy Impact Assessments
    • Privacy Audits
    • Education and Awareness

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