Gartner Research

Shifting IAM Design Principles From an Audit-Driven to a Risk-Based Model

Published: 07 May 2014

ID: G00262573

Analyst(s): Trent Henry, Homan Farahmand


This report introduces a systematic, risk-based approach to IAM planning. It supports scenario analysis and visualization of IAM services' residual risk, helps practitioners decide what is needed for sustainable improvement and communicates the potential impact of risk and cost to key stakeholders.

Table Of Contents



  • Access Risk
    • Scope Definition
    • IAM Services Risk Dimensions
  • IAM Services Residual Risk Rating Model
  • IAM Residual Risk as an Enterprise Leading Risk Indicator
  • IAM Controls
    • Governance Controls
    • Execution Controls
    • Process Controls
    • Runtime Controls
    • Data Controls
  • IAM Risk-Based Planning
    • Analyze IAM Residual Risk Baseline
    • Identify the Residual Risk Target
    • Adjust Residual Risk Target
    • Identify and Adjust Appropriate Controls for Each Year
    • Plan Improvements and Estimate the Cost of Change per Control
    • Prepare and Communicate the Business Case
  • Develop the IAM Residual Risk Model
  • Apply Risk-Based Planning Methodology
  • Monitor IAM Residual Risk
  • Recalibrate Controls' Weightings Annually


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