Gartner Research

The Internet of Things and Related Definitions

Published: 23 October 2014

ID: G00269832

Analyst(s): King-Yew Foong, Jim Tully, Hung LeHong , Richard Gordon, Jouni Forsman , Kristian Steenstrup , Earl Perkins


There is much variation in understanding of the Internet of Things and its related concepts — operational technology and machine-to-machine communication. We offer our definitions in this document.

Table Of Contents


  • Why Now for the IoT?
    • Points of Confusion
  • Internet of Things
    • Definition
    • Additional Explanation
  • M2M Communication Services
    • Definition
    • Additional Explanation
  • Operational Technology
    • Definition
    • Additional Explanation

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