Gartner Research

Classonomies: Taxonomies, Ontologies and Folksonomies Demystified

Published: 05 February 2015

ID: G00274077

Analyst(s): Darin Stewart

Summary

Managed vocabularies are gaining favor as a way to improve collaboration and information management. As disparate departments and organizations increasingly share information, it's crucial that they use a common vocabulary; otherwise they're just talking at one another, rather than with one another.

Table Of Contents

Analysis

  • Defining the Terms
    • Classonomies: The Umbrella Term
    • Glossaries: Controlled Vocabularies and Thesauri
    • Org Charts: Taxonomies and Ontologies
    • Sticky Notes: Folksonomies
  • Why Now?
  • Classonomies Within the Larger Content Management Picture
  • Applying Classonomies
    • Content Management Systems
    • Translation Systems
    • Enterprise Search
    • Records Management
    • Social Software and Collaboration Tools
  • The Yin and Yang of Classonomies
    • Professional vs. Corporate
    • Corporate vs. Outsiders
    • Corporate vs. Divisions/Departments
    • One vs. Many
    • Formal vs. Informal
    • Exclusivity vs. Inclusivity
    • Depth vs. Breadth
    • Term vs. Instantiation
  • Market Analysis
    • Market Sectors
  • Standards: ANSI/NISO Z39.19, ISO 2788, Zthes and SKOS
  • Market Projections
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses

Gartner Definitions

Guidance

  • Decide Whether a Corporate Classonomy Is Needed
  • If Needed, Start Developing One, but Expect to Develop Many
  • Get the Classonomy and Subject Matter Experts to Work Together
  • Make the Classonomies Earn Their Keep
  • Keep Working at It
  • Recognize That the Ultimate Rule Is to Do What Works

The Details

  • Five Ways to Organize Information
  • The Tools: Glossaries, Org Charts and Sticky Notes
    • Controlled Vocabulary
    • Thesaurus
  • The Differences Among Taxonomies, Ontologies and Folksonomies
    • Taxonomies
    • Ontologies
    • Folksonomies
  • Conclusion

Gartner Recommended Reading

©2019 Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. and its affiliates. This publication may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without Gartner’s prior written permission. It consists of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization, which should not be construed as statements of fact. While the information contained in this publication has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, Gartner disclaims all warranties as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Although Gartner research may address legal and financial issues, Gartner does not provide legal or investment advice and its research should not be construed or used as such. Your access and use of this publication are governed by Gartner’s Usage Policy. Gartner prides itself on its reputation for independence and objectivity. Its research is produced independently by its research organization without input or influence from any third party. For further information, see Guiding Principles on Independence and Objectivity.

Already have a Gartner Account?

Become a client

Learn how to access this content as a Gartner client.