Gartner Research

IT Governance in Government: A Dozen Key and Frequently Asked Questions (With Answers)

Published: 02 July 2015

ID: G00278457

Analyst(s): Jerry Mechling


Government agencies struggle with federated governance that dominates in the public sector, making it difficult to respond to the enterprisewide and more rapid IT challenges driven by digitalization. We provide advice for governance questions frequently and persistently asked by Gartner clients.

Table Of Contents


  • 1. What Are the Components and Purposes of IT Governance?
    • IT Governance Purposes
  • 2. What Questions of Strategy and Execution Should IT Governance Answer?
  • 3. How Can We Balance Enterprise Versus Unit and IT Versus Program Needs?
  • 4. What Governance Criteria Are Key for Highly Decentralized Structures?
  • 5. What Principles Should Guide IT Governance?
  • 6. What Governance Processes Should Be Used?
  • 7. What Must You Understand to Successfully Participate in IT Governance?
  • 8. What Are the Indicators of Poor IT Governance?
  • 9. What Are the Consequences of Not Addressing Core Governance Problems?
  • 10. What Can Ensure Good Governance Participation by Agencies and Programs?
  • 11. How Can We Objectively Determine the Effectiveness of IT Governance?
  • 12. What Steps Can Agencies Take to "Tune Up" IT Governance?

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