Gartner Research

Maverick* Research: Your Smart Machine Has Been Conned! Now What?

Published: 15 October 2015

ID: G00278261

Analyst(s): Patrick Hevesi , Anton Chuvakin, Erik Heidt


Smart machines and AI pose huge future risks that derive from malicious humans using or abusing them to achieve their goals. Here, we focus on identifying and reducing those risks. (Maverick research deliberately exposes unconventional thinking and may not agree with Gartner's official positions.)

Table Of Contents


  • *Maverick Research
  • Definition of Smart Machines
  • Morality and Ethics in AI
  • Establishing, and Verifying, Trust Across People and Machines
  • Smart Machine Attack Taxonomy
    • Data Channels Are a Prime Avenue for Attack
    • Smart Machine Workflow Is Vulnerable
    • Smart Machine Logic Is Vulnerable
    • Smart Machine Morality Is Vulnerable
  • Trust in Smart Machines Versus Trust in Humans
  • Deceived-AI Threat Scenarios
    • Social Engineering Stock Market AI to Manipulate World Stocks for Financial Gain
    • Using Robotic Cars to Assassinate
    • Conning the Military's Medical AI Drones
  • Next-Generation Defenses Needed for Smart Machines
    • Controlling Smart Machine Input
    • Controlling Machine Output
    • Implementing Smart Machine Checks and Balances
    • Building Internal Smart Machine Constraints for Ethical and Safe Behavior
    • Designing Features That Protect Against Developer and Operator Malicious Intent
    • Detecting AI Tampering and Self-Tampering
    • Building Transparent and Auditable Smart Machines
  • Conclusion

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