Gartner Research

Four Steps to Secure Modern Databases

Published: 04 December 2015

ID: G00290961

Analyst(s): Joerg Fritsch


Securing modern databases remains challenging for many organizations. This document explains in four steps how database architects can best implement database security while making successful attacks as difficult as possible.

Table Of Contents

Problem Statement

  • Scope
  • How the NoSQL Paradigm Impacts Database Security

The Gartner Approach

The Guidance Framework

  • Prework
  • Step 1: Foundation
    • Step 1.1: Security Zoning
    • Step 1.2: Endpoint Protection for Database Servers
    • Step 1.3: File Integrity Monitoring
    • Step 1.4: Configuration Management
  • Step 2: Configure DBMS-Level Controls and Auditing
    • Step 2.1: Permission Management
    • Step 2.2: Database Auditing
    • Step 2.3: Database Vulnerability Assessment and Vulnerability Management
  • Step 3: Protect Sensitive Data and Regulated Data
    • Step 3.1: Data Discovery
    • Step 3.2: Data Masking, Tokenization and Format-Preserving Encryption
    • Step 3.3: Encryption
  • Step 4: Offsetting Controls
    • Step 4.1: Web Application Firewalls
    • Step 4.2: Data Services and API Security
    • Step 4.3: Application Security Testing

Risks and Pitfalls

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