Gartner Research

Virtual Machines and Containers Solve Different Problems

Published: 10 December 2015

ID: G00292418

Analyst(s): Lydia Leong , Thomas Bittman , Neil MacDonald


OS containers have re-emerged as a virtualization technology to enable agile application development combined with more efficient resource utilization, and as an enabler for new forms of applications. We analyze the relevance of VMs and containers for infrastructure and operations professionals.

Table Of Contents


  • The Role of VMs
  • The Emerging Role of Containers
  • When to Use VMs Alone
  • When to Use Containers Alone
  • What About Security Differences?
  • When to Use Containers in VMs
  • Bottom Line

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