Gartner Research

A User Guide of Logistics Outsourcing Alternatives, Acronyms and Service Definitions

Published: 19 February 2016

ID: G00298610

Analyst(s): Greg Aimi , James Lisica , David Gonzalez


The third-party logistics industry seems as if it is in a constant state of change and redefinition. This research delineates the most common third-party logistics services, their acronyms and descriptions, and will help buyers more intelligently navigate the current logistics industry.

Table Of Contents


  • For-Hire Transportation Companies (Carriers)
    • Transportation Brokerage (Brokers)
  • Third-Party Logistics (3PL)/Logistics Service Provider (LSP)
    • Transportation Management Services
    • Warehousing and Fulfillment
    • Freight Forwarder
  • Fourth-Party Logistics (4PL)
  • Lead Logistics Providers (LLP)
    • Control Tower
  • Transportation Managed Service Providers
  • What's Next?

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