Gartner Research

A Guidance Framework for Automating Your Front-End Web Testing Using Selenium

Published: 11 May 2016

ID: G00292624

Analyst(s): Sean Kenefick


Modern web applications use HTML5, JavaScript and CSS to facilitate communication between clients and servers. Developers and testers can use this guidance framework to build a Selenium-based testing process that provides reusable artifacts and effectively validates the front end of applications.

Table Of Contents

Problem Statement

The Gartner Approach

The Guidance Framework

  • Step 1. Use a Layered Test Strategy, and Determine Your Coverage Goals
  • Step 2. Rely on Testable Source Code
  • Step 3. Prepare to Use Selenium
    • Selenium Capabilities
  • Step 4. Choose a Framework for Test Automation
    • Creating Your Own Test Automation Framework
    • Test Automation Frameworks Models
  • Step 5. Write Highly Reliable and Portable Scripts

Risks and Pitfalls

  • Custom Frameworks Are Complicated and Difficult to Use
  • Teams Spend Too Much Time Waiting for Tests
  • Teams Gain False Sense of Coverage With Poorly Written Tests and Destructive Testing Techniques
  • Only Expert Team Members Have Access to Tests

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