Gartner Research

GDPR Clarity: 19 Frequently Asked Questions Answered

Published: 29 August 2017

ID: G00333107

Analyst(s): Bart Willemsen


The European General Data Protection Regulation has impact far beyond the EU alone. Security and risk management leaders can't "go at it alone," but must involve a multidisciplinary team to translate requirements and prioritize risk mitigation actions by using these FAQs.

Table Of Contents


  • Basic Introduction of Scope and Applicability
    • What is a controller and what is a processor?
    • What is personal data? Is the GDPR about security or about privacy?
    • What is "processing" of personal data?
    • Does the GDPR apply to us?
  • 10 Steps Toward GDPR Compliance
    • 1. Who in the organization is responsible for compliance?
    • 2. How to determine legal grounds and processing purpose?
    • 3. What personal data can I process?
    • 4. Should we prepare for data subjects to exercise their rights?
    • 5. Is there anything special about consent?
    • 6. What should I include in my privacy notice?
    • 7. What is a data protection officer (DPO) and do I have to appoint one?
    • 8. We operate in multiple member states; do we have to contact all the 28 data protection authorities?
    • 9. Will we be fined for a data breach?
    • 10. Who can help to protect our data per the GDPR?
  • Additional Questions
    • Should I move my data centers to Europe, and what about cross-border data transfers?
    • Does encrypting everything exempt me from having to comply?
    • How is masking useful?
    • How does cloud technology relate to the GDPR?
    • Are mobile devices covered by the GDPR?

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