Gartner Research

A User Guide of Logistics Outsourcing Alternatives, Acronyms and Service Definitions

Published: 18 October 2017

ID: G00335286

Analyst(s): Greg Aimi , David Gonzalez , Courtney Rogerson , James Lisica


The third-party logistics industry goes through periodic waves of change and redefinition. Supply chain leaders should use this research to delineate the common third-party logistics services, their acronyms and descriptions and to be better informed when navigating today's logistics industry.

Table Of Contents


  • Transportation Companies (Carriers)
    • Transportation Brokerage (Brokers)
  • Third-Party Logistics (3PL)/Logistics Service Provider (LSP)
    • Transportation Management Services
    • Contract Logistics — Warehousing and Fulfillment
    • Freight Forwarder
  • Lead Logistics Providers (LLP)
  • Fourth-Party Logistics (4PL)
    • Control Tower
  • Transportation Managed Service Providers
  • What's Next?

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