Gartner Research

Building a Framework for Managing Effective Machine Learning Workloads

Published: 10 April 2019

ID: G00384678

Analyst(s): Sumit Agarwal


Many organizations struggle to take data science projects from prototyping to production. This research provides a framework for data and analytics technical professionals to establish best practices through the build, train, deploy and monitor phases of the machine learning development life cycle.

Table Of Contents

Problem Statement

The Gartner Approach

The Guidance Framework

  • Prework: The Building Blocks
    • Establish the Role of a Machine Learning Architect
    • Incorporate a Model Management System
    • Ensure Effective DevOps and DataOps
  • Step 1: Build the ML Model
    • Data Wrangling
    • Feature Engineering
    • Model Algorithm Selection
    • Toolsets and Compute Resource Provisioning
    • Gartner Insights
  • Step 2: Train and Test the Selected Models
    • Define Model Accuracy Metrics
    • Identify Training Data and Optimize Hyperparameters
    • Model Deployment for Training
    • Gartner Insights
  • Step 3: Deploy the Trained Model for Inference
    • Performance-Related Service Levels, Access Control and Rollback Strategy
    • Configure Model Serving
    • Model Deployment in Containers
    • Gartner Insights
  • Step 4: Monitor the Inference Engine for Deviation and Performance
  • Follow-Up
    • Multiple Paths
    • Roles and Responsibilities

Risks and Pitfalls

  • Teams Working in Silos
  • Working Software Is Not Enough
  • Technology Focus

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