Gartner Research

Future-Proofing Your Modern Web App Architecture

Published: 16 April 2020

ID: G00432894

Analyst(s): Danny Brian


Developers face a confusing and often unreliable ecosystem of front-end web technologies, frameworks and practices. Future-proof options have emerged over the past few years. Application technical professionals should be familiar with these options for a solid front-end architecture going forward.

Table Of Contents

Problem Statement

The Gartner Approach

The Guidance Framework

  • Prework
  • Step 1: Create and Maintain a Separate Project for Each Library
  • Step 2: Create Basic Unit Tests and Automate Them
    • Browser-Based Unit Testing
    • Building Out Test Coverage
  • Step 3: Create ES6 Modules and Functions for Reusable Functionality
  • Step 4: Design and Document a Simple Custom Element to Demonstrate Library Usage
  • Step 5: Write CSS Using a Preprocessor and Custom Properties
  • Step 6: Create a Simple Build Process for Deployment
  • Follow-Up

Risks and Pitfalls

  • Developers Neglect Education in Core JavaScript, CSS, and HTML Technologies
  • Framework Selection Calls Into Question the Need for Reuse
  • The JavaScript Ecosystem Becomes Challenging to Navigate
  • Developers Write Poor or Incomplete Tests

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