Gartner Research


Published: 06 December 2022



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  • API戦略の責任を担うソフトウェア・エンジニアリング・リーダーは、APIのメリットの実現と最大化を可能にするチーム編成に苦慮することが多く、それが一貫性のない未熟なAPI設計を招いている。

  • センター・オブ・エクセレンス (COE) をはじめ中央集権型のAPI品質チームの体制は、一貫性を実現し、専門知識を集約することができる。しかし、そうした体制は、APIを提供する上でボトルネックになりがちである。一方で、開発チームに完全な自律性を認めれば、テクノロジが散在し、テクノロジのベスト・プラクティスに相違が生じ、ひいてはガバナンスと価値評価が困難になり、一貫性を欠くリスクがある。

  • フュージョン・チームが状況を複雑にしている。なぜなら、フュージョン・チームは、従来のIT指揮系統の外部に置かれるか、そうした系統を超えて広がっているからである。APIのデリバリと活用を支援し、一貫性を推進するには、連邦 (フェデレーション) 型のアプローチが必要である。



  • API戦略、ガバナンスの定義、社内API管理プラットフォームの運用、API設計の成熟度と一貫性を向上させる実践コミュニティの開設を担当する連邦型のAPIプラットフォーム・チームを編成する。

  • API提供のボトルネックを回避するために、社内外の利用者向けにプロダクトとして管理されるAPIの戦略とロードマップを監督するAPIプロダクト・マネージャー職を設ける。その際、APIプロダクト・マネージャーが、APIプラットフォーム・チームの一員となるようにする。

  • APIの制御、俊敏性、作成者・利用者のニーズに対する自律性に関して、適切なガバナンス成果をもたらす適応型ガバナンス対応力を提供する。

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Kimihiko Iijima

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