Gartner Research

针对中国IT CIO的操作系统、数据库和中间件替代计划实施指南

Published: 22 May 2023


中国正在发展以提升自身高科技能力为目标的国家战略,加之不断升级的外国技术禁运的威胁,促使中国的国有企业和政府机构采用本土解决方案取代非国产软件。负责IT事务的首席信息官(IT CIO)应参考本研究,推动替代计划的实施并缓解风险。

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  • 由于地缘政治局势紧张,以及打造自身高科技能力的国家战略要求,中国国有企业和政府机构的IT CIO需要应对外国技术禁运的风险。他们急切寻求利用国内自行研发的解决方案来替代某些外国服务器软件的最佳实践。

  • 在生产环境中替换服务器软件会带来多种潜在风险,包括核心业务中断、软硬件兼容性问题、计算性能损失、服务器软件成本外溢和人才不足等。

  • 由于服务器软件组件的依赖关系复杂,而且无缝替换的相关知识和实践有限,IT CIO正面临技术挑战,将导致替代战略失败。


希望替换特定非国产服务器软件的中国IT CIO,应:

  • 盘点并重点关注可能遭遇外国技术禁运或需要满足国家技术战略的服务器软件,以制定有针对性的替代策略。

  • 搭建IT基础设施实验室环境,以评估国产替代软件的技术功能、硬件/软件兼容性、上层应用生态系统和定价模式。这有助于将技术和投资风险降至最低。

  • 与服务器硬件和软件提供商合作,实施依赖关系分析,从而在执行替代战略时,能尽可能减少对相关软件组件或系统的负面影响。

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Stephen Du Andy Wang Kevin Ji

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