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Published: 20 June 2023



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  • ERPの特徴は、ソリューションがターゲットとする企業規模、機能範囲、グローバル・サポート、カスタマイズの方法、新興テクノロジ (クラウド化、AIなど) への対応状況、パートナー戦略によって整理される

  • ERPの刷新に当たって、巨大なスイートとしての既存ERPの役割を再定義し、各社で必要とするERPの機能範囲を見直す動きが活発になっている。

  • カスタマイズを抑制する上で、パッケージを業務に合わせる「Fit and Gap (フィット・アンド・ギャップ)」ではなく、業務をパッケージに合わせる「Fit to Standard (フィット・トゥ・スタンダード)」のアプローチを採用する企業が増えている。

  • ERPベンダーの多くがクラウド対応を進めており、中でもグローバルなメガベンダーは、コンポーザブルERPを意識した戦略を推進し始めている。



  • 企業規模、機能要件、グローバル対応、カスタマイズ手法、技術戦略、販売・導入モデルなどの評価軸に基づいて、候補となるERPソリューションを絞り込む。

  • 記録システムとして分類される要件を中心に、自社に適切なERPの範囲を設定した上で、差別化につながる要件については、ERPにおける最小限のカスタマイズや、(業種/業務特化型) 専門パッケージ、手作りなどの異なる手段を組み合わせる。

  • Fit to Standardアプローチに基づきパッケージ標準の機能やプロセスに適合可能な領域では業務を変更することで、バージョンアップ時に悪影響を及ぼすカスタマイズを極小化する。

  • Fit to Standardで吸収しきれない要件はERPの範囲に無理に含めず、モジュールやサービス単位で他のパッケージ・アプリケーションやカスタム・アプリケーションを組み合わせることにより、変化に柔軟に対応できるアーキテクチャを構築する。

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Koji Motoyoshi

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