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Published: 19 July 2023



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  • 北美和其他地区的企业机构强烈希望采用零信任安全范式,以降低自身的安全风险,但在操作层面却很难将此想法转化为可行的战略,以及确定路线图、项目和可衡量的成果。

  • 供应商大肆宣传“零信任”,让企业机构认为可以通过采购相关产品提高安全性,但零信任并非特指某一种技术。零信任作为一种范式,会对适用于各种技术的网络安全原则进行重组和强调,以应对企业机构面临的特定风险。

  • 如果缺乏清晰的战略和周密的规划,企业机构的技术实施可能会缺乏完整性,造成时间和资源的浪费,并可能产生错误的安全感。战略制定的常见阻碍因素包括遗留技术、可扩展性、零信任技术实施中的集成和能力差距、企业机构的内部阻力,以及未能考虑对业务流程的影响。

  • 零信任技术的实施会产生高额的运营性间接成本,特别是在企业机构没有明确定义“谁有权访问什么”,并且没有集成技术控制以适应环境变化的情况下。



  • 明确具体用例,构建切实可行的零信任战略,例如通过限制恶意软件的横向移动或隔离软件供应链攻击,减少应用和服务的风险暴露,或缓解特定威胁。

  • 对身份与访问管理(IAM)技术和流程等当前环境进行评估,解决相关风险,针对关键用例制定企业机构的零信任战略和要求,然后再投资新的零信任技术。

  • 在项目的早期阶段,通过培养零信任思维、宣传项目对工作流和流程的预期影响,制定计划克服关键阻碍因素,如内部阻力。

  • 在技术评估过程中,强调可管理性、部署范围以及对用户体验的潜在影响。为零信任技术管理员明确可扩展的流程和技术,并利用运营保障实践来衡量控制措施的有效性。

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