Gartner Research

Operating System Standards: Perspective

Published: 23 December 2005

ID: G00136719

Analyst(s): Mary I. Hubley

Summary

Though operating system standards do exist, no one kernel has become standard across the entire computing industry. Linux and open-source are emerging as new approaches that affect the process.

Table Of Contents
  • Standards and Operating Systems
  • Background
    • De Jure vs. De Facto Standards
    • Is the Software Conformant or Compliant?
    • The Standards Process
  • Operating System Standards
    • ISO/IEC 9945 Converges POSIX and Single Unix Specification
    • Linux Standards Base of the Free Standards Group
    • Other Standards and Specifications
    • Industry Forums, Task Forces, Projects and Working Groups
    • Organization-Defined Standards
    • Open Source, Linux and Microsoft
  • Benefits of Operating System Standards
    • Benefits
    • Risks
  • Major Formal Standards-Setting Bodies
    • American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
    • The Open Group
    • IEEE
    • ISO, IEC and JTC 1
  • Insight

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