Gartner Research

Tutorial: Web-Oriented Architecture: Putting the Web Back in Web Services

Published: 11 November 2008

ID: G00162022

Analyst(s): Nicholas Gall, Anthony Bradley , Daniel Sholler


Gartner defines the term "Web-oriented architecture" to refer to a substyle of service-oriented architecture based on the Web. WOA's goal is to transform traditional application-to-application integration from a "rat's nest" of specialized interfaces into a generic web of globally linked hypermedia.

Table Of Contents
  • Overview
  • The Origin of WOA
    • The Definition of WOA
  • Understanding REST
    • The Key REST Constraints
  • The Essence of WOA: Generic Interfaces
    • Identification of Resources
    • Manipulation of Resources Through Representations
    • Self-Descriptive Messages
    • Hypermedia as the Engine of Application State
    • Application Neutrality
  • Generic IFaPs
    • Generic Identifiers
    • Generic Representations
    • Generic Protocol Operations
  • Incremental Specialization Requires Deep Business Expertise
  • Recapitulating the Definition of WOA

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