A health information exchange (HIE) is a regional collaboration among independent healthcare organizations for sharing clinical information. Often, administrative information is shared as well. HIEs may be categorized in terms of their approach to governance. In some countries, they may be run by a governmental agency.
Other HIEs may be run by nonprofit corporations with a board of governors that represent community stakeholders. Still others are lines of business of for-profit vendors. A final form of HIE is funded and controlled by healthcare delivery organizations (HDOs) to meet their own business concerns, rather than being neutral to all community stakeholders.