The student information system of the typical K-12 organization continues to sit at the center of nearly all its data management. It provides back-office administrator functionality, as well as student-, parent- and faculty-facing functionality to manage key organizational information assets. Such assets include not only demographic data, enrollment, grades, and transcripts, but also state or other governmental agency reporting capabilities. Systems vary widely in size; scope; state, regional or national markets; and functional capability — and they range from individual components to enterprise-wide integrated solutions. They also function as the system of record for several other critical applications, including the LMS, demanding interoperability.