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Customer Profitability Analysis in Retail Banking

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Management Summary The two types of customer profitability common in retail banking include current customer profitability and lifetime value. Customer profitability analysis enhances a bank's ability to 1) acquire new, profitable customers, 2) cross-sell profitably to existing customers, 3) provide differentiated service to customers based on their profitability, 4) migrate customers to more profitable products and services and 5) make pricing determinations that will make products more profitable. Before undertaking customer profitability analysis, banks must ensure that they are ready to calculate customer profitability. Banks must 1) establish buy-in from the various business units affected by customer profitability analysis, 2) develop consistent, accurate and fair cost and revenue allocations, 3) develop good specifications prior to implementation and 4) ensure that all necessary staff are ready to undertake customer profitability analysis. The largest banks were more likely to calculate current customer profitability than smaller banks. Current customer profitability was used primarily to support product development, pricing determinations, the identification of customers for migration to more profitable products and services and the establishment of customer segments. However, the resulting activities supported by customer profitability analysis were not very effective. Few of banks were calculating lifetime value, although many of the largest banks expected to be doing so by year-end 2000. Many smaller banks will be developing customer profitability analyses for the first time. Regardless of bank size, most banks that currently calculate customer profitability will need to increase the effectiveness of the support for the resulting applications. They will need to do this by incorporating more product information into the analysis and using actual costs and transaction- level behavior in their analyses. There are several considerations for banks...


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