Gartner defines the Application Security Testing (AST) market as the buyers and sellers of products and services designed to analyze and test applications for security vulnerabilities. Gartner identifies four main styles of AST: (1) Static AST (SAST) (2) Dynamic AST (DAST) (3) Interactive AST (IAST) (4) Mobile AST. The above technology approaches can be delivered as a tool or as a subscription service. Many vendors offer both options to reflect enterprise requirements for a product and service.
Gartner defines Software Composition Analysis (SCA) as a technology that analyzes applications and related artifacts (containers, registries, etc.) to detect open-source and third-party software components known to have security and functional vulnerabilities, are out-of-date for security patches, or that pose licensing risks. SCA products and services help ensure the enterprise software supply chain includes only secure components and, therefore, supports secure application development and assembly