Gartner defines a product-centric cloud ERP suite as a set of loosely coupled products comprising: Operational ERP — supply chain and manufacturing-related functionality such as demand management, order management, material requirements planning (MRP), inventory management, supply chain/direct procurement, manufacturing control capabilities, and distribution/logistics. Financial management functionality (those vendors that provide only financial management as a suite are rated in a separate Magic Quadrant). Purchasing focused on indirect goods, services and capital equipment. HCM — for cost management as well as staffing for operational resources. Specialized, industry-specific modules or applications including, but not limited to, modules such as configure-to-order (CTO) or make-to-order (MTO), and field service management (FSM), or broader application solutions like enterprise asset management (EAM) and product life cycle management (PLM).