No. 2: Preparing
This critical step brings together the essential human capital and organizational processes necessary for an IoT program. One way to address this challenge is to hire an IoT architect — an emerging role that Gartner believes will become important to any future IoT business initiative.
This role will involve bringing together not only technical skills, such as designing an end-to-end architecture, but also nontechnical elements such as evangelizing, strategy and governance. From here, the team can move on to prototyping before architecting and implementing the solution.
No. 3: Prototyping
The complexity of the IoT is an obstacle to rapid architecting, design and implementation, which makes prototyping a very important step in the process of creating an IoT initiative. Prototyping helps quickly uncover and address key issues posed by IoT complexity early in the process.
As you learn about the details of IoT operation, you will uncover new ways of leveraging the IoT system to drive additional business value and will gain a deeper understanding of the architectural trade-offs of an IoT solution.
Architecting an IoT solution begins with decomposing the end-to-end system into its edge, platform and enterprise components. This "divide and conquer" approach enables the architect to focus on each component separately.
Architects must define how they will integrate the devices, data and processes to create an end-to-end solution that adds business value. Integration is the "IoT secret sauce" that will turn an IoT project into a transformative business solution.
Organizations that implement IoT solutions will, of course, learn how to build, maintain and evolve these solutions. More importantly, however, they will learn how to use IoT technology to drive business value as they uncover IoT use cases that they didn't envision when they began the initiative.