Does machine learning (ML) use artificial intelligence (AI) or does AI use ML?

2.8k views1 Upvote7 Comments

Sr. Director of Enterprise Security in Software, 5,001 - 10,000 employees
I see ML as something that's actually looking at my dataset and my environment, understanding what's going on and then surfacing that data in a way that is helpful—maybe in a way I didn't know I needed that data. The AI is the conversational part that is acting on my behalf, executing whatever I want it to execute. That's where I make that separation. I'm much more excited about the ML data side of things than I am about AI at this point.
CEO in Manufacturing, 11 - 50 employees
I worked at Uber for a while and we ran all the infrastructure for the advanced technology group working on the autonomous vehicles and it was interesting to watch the modeling going on there. There was a lot of ML and deep learning (DL) for training the cars. Those are a specific set of patterns and abilities for it to make a decision on something, but it's not learning as much. It's basically doing pattern recognition, understanding different things and then it's making decisions based on what it learned. I think that is the ML aspect of it. But when I think of true AI, I think of Alan Turing and the way that machines can actually think.
Managing Director in Finance (non-banking), 1,001 - 5,000 employees
For whatever reason, people today are enamored with AI and think that what they're seeing is AI. But there aren't many people who've truly solved it. There is much more machine learning going on than there is true AI. We still don't have fully automated data centers but we should—I've had vendors pitch that to me for the last 10 years and nobody has ever delivered on it. I think we have bits and pieces of it. 

I used to own a Tesla but have since moved to another electric vehicle because, among other things, I learned that the car was actually ML and not AI. When it was driving itself mindlessly towards the concrete barrier, the sensors were going off but the car was not doing anything; I realized there is no way it’s actually doing AI. It's doing pattern recognition. It hadn't seen this problem before, so it didn't know what to do. After I swerved and slammed on the brakes, then it knew, but that still didn't prevent it from going into a different concrete barrier later on. I applaud them for pushing the envelope, but they have highlighted how difficult a problem AI is.
Director of Data Science in Healthcare and Biotech, 10,001+ employees
While most people associate AI with deep neural networks, the overall goal in either is to find and exploit patterns within existing data. And so for most practitioners in my field (drug discovery), we often equate the two.
VP of IT in Software, 10,001+ employees
When I was in college, I took an AI class.  This was many years ago.  There were a few different types of AI that we explored but we spent most of our time building expert systems.  No one would call that AI now.  

There is that it quits being called AI as soon as it works.

Advanced analytics, rules engines, NPC engines, chess games, etc. were all considered AI most are no long. 

ML is a tool.  It is one of may tools out there that are under the domain of AI.  It is the most popular tool at the moment but something else will come along.  But AI will still be the thing being pursued.

Beyond that I think the debate is if an AI is a test of general intelligence (Turing) or anything that replace human intelligence (my old expert system).  I lean towards the later but I tend to use it as an adjective.  I do sometime slip though, and think of it as a noun, then I'm in the Realm of Asimov and the general intelligence.
Vice President - Global Head of Emerging Technologies & Digital Innovation, Self-employed
Machine learning and AI are interrelated. To understand the correlation between these aspects, we need to understand the human equivalent of those technologies. 
Intelligence and emotions are two human elements. Despite the fact that we call it artificial intelligence, we are actually defining it as the intelligence humans would normally display. 
Things like situation handling, decision-making ability, etc. are coming under "Human Intelligence". These are different for a different person and are totally dependent on the experience and exposure of the human being. The "experience and exposure" are the equivalent of machine learning. This is the reason we train our ML model to give them exposure and experience, which they can utilize for intelligent decision making aka Artificial Intelligence.
Interestingly, by training the models with a lot and a lot of data we are actually standardizing the decision-making capability of machines to perfection, things which cannot be certainly told for humans. This is the power of AI and ML, now you call AI under ML or ML under AI, I am living it on you to decide. :)
Director of IT in Software, 201 - 500 employees
AI is a poorly defined term and that leads to many confusions. In my opinion, ML is a subset of AI.
In a nutshell, AI is when a machine or a program simulates human behaviour. Ideally, AI should allow the machine to think without direct human intervention. The ML systems should be able to automatically learn and improve by processing a large amount of data without explicitly being programmed to do so.

An example of an ML is a factory that has sensors that transmit data to an ML system that processes it and detects anomalies that humans can then address. The ML goal is to learn from the data and provide an output that someone can act upon.
The goal of AI is to produce a system that is intelligent and can perform tasks like a human or solve complex problems like a human.

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I sorry I never found the AI tools to conduct assessment of IT Contract, I suggest to you , you can create customize internal tools to screen it contract
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