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Worldwide Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment Spending Declined 11.5 Percent in 2013, According to Final Results by Gartner

Worldwide semiconductor capital equipment spending totaled $33.8 billion in 2013, an 11.5 percent decline from 2012, according to final results by Gartner, Inc. Wafer-level manufacturing equipment demand performed above the market with strength in lithography and associated processes, while back-end manufacturing segments fared significantly worse than average. 

"With this as a backdrop, capital spending was muted and dominated by a few top players," said Klaus-Dieter Rinnen, managing vice president at Gartner. "A revival of memory-related spending during the year was not enough to stem the decline in equipment sales. Despite increased foundry investments, logic-related spending was a dampening force. Consequently, manufacturing equipment sales saw slow, sequential quarterly growth, and a fourth-quarter sales explosion was not enough to stop the second straight year of decline." 

Applied Materials held onto the No. 1 spot based on its relative strength in deposition and etch (see Table 1). Relative strength in lithography (albeit with limited sales in extreme ultraviolet [EUV]) helped ASML to retain the No. 2 position. Lam Research moved into the No. 3 spot due to its strong performance in etch and deposition. Tokyo Electron, just like other companies headquartered in Japan, was impacted by the significant decline in the yen-to-U.S.-dollar exchange rate, as well as an unfavorable customer buying pattern. 

Table 1

Top 10 Worldwide Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment Vendors by Revenue (Millions of U.S. Dollars)

2013
Rank

2012
Rank

 

Company

2013 Revenue

2013 Market Share (%)

2012

Revenue

2012-2013

Growth (%)

1

1

Applied Materials

5,460.1

16.2

5,513.4

-1.0

2

2

ASML

5,302.8

15.7

4,887.5

8.5

3

4

Lam Research

3,163.4

9.4

2,805.7

12.7

4

3

Tokyo Electron

3,057.1

9.1

4,219.0

-27.5

5

5

KLA-Tencor

2,163.4

6.4

2,463.5

-12.2

6

6

Dainippon Screen Manufacturing

1,222.7

3.6

1,483.6

-17.6

7

8

Hitachi High-Technologies

862.0

2.6

1,137.7

-24.2

8

7

Advantest

844.8

2.5

1,423.4

-40.6

9

11

Teradyne

822.0

2.4

917.6

-10.4

10

9

Nikon

636.3

1.9

1,006.8

-36.8

 

 

Others

10,243.5

30.3

12,296.1

-16.7

 

 

Total Market

33,778.0

100.0

38,154.2

-11.5

Source: Gartner (April 2014)

Notable is the further rise of the sales share of the top 10 vendors, now at 70 percent, compared with 68 percent in 2012. The top five vendors command nearly 57 percent of the total market, up 5 points from the prior year," said Mr. Rinnen. "The advance of these large players symbolizes losses of smaller players in the competitive race and an increasing market dependence on a few vendors in the equipment market." 

Wafer-level manufacturing outperformed the market in 2013, on relative strength in dry etch, lithography, manufacturing automation and deposition. Spending was selective, focused on upgrades and latest-technology buys with little addition of capacity. Logic spending focused on preparing for 20nm/14nm (nanometer) production. Only a few subsegments managed to expand — most notably, steppers in lithography, nontube chemical vapor deposition, conductor etch, rapid thermal processing and furnaces, and select process control segments (such as patterned wafer inspection, defect review and classification). 

In the back-end segments, all major categories experience significant declines. The fourth quarter of 2013 was particularly slow as major semiconductor assembly and test services (SATS) vendors pushed out orders due to market uncertainty. 

Additional information is provided in the Gartner report "“Market Share: Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment, Worldwide, 2013”". The report is available on Gartner's website at http://www.gartner.com/doc/2696225.

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