Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is defined as the ability to deliver an integrated suite of business applications. ERP tools share a common process and data model, covering broad and deep operational end-to-end processes, such as those found in finance, HR, distribution, manufacturing, service and the supply chain.
ERP applications automate and support a range of administrative and operational business processes across multiple industries, including line of business, customer-facing, administrative and the asset management aspects of an enterprise. However, ERP deployments tend to come at a significant price, and the business benefits are difficult to justify and understand.
Look for business benefits in four areas: IT cost savings, business process efficiency, as a business process platform for process standardization and as a catalyst for business innovation. Most enterprises focus on the first two areas, because they are the easiest to quantify; however, the latter two areas often have the most significant impact on the enterprise. In 2013, Gartner defined the Postmodern ERP environment (see Postmodern ERP).