Gartner Research

AI as a Target and Tool: An Attacker’s Perspective on ML


The use of AI in security has not gone unnoticed by attackers. Security and risk management technical professionals must understand how adversaries may attack security solutions based on ML at training and prediction stages, and how ML accelerates innovation in attacker methods.

Published: 19 June 2019

ID: G00381087

Analyst(s): Mario de Boer

Table Of Contents


  • The Use of Machine Learning in Technical Security Controls
    • How Does ML Work?
    • ML Uses in Security
    • The Two Biggest Challenges in Applying ML to Security
  • Adversarial ML: Attacks on ML Techniques in Security Products
    • Data Poisoning Attacks at Training Time
    • Adversarial Inputs: Attacks at Runtime
  • Nefarious ML Use: Attacks Leveraging ML
    • Phishing
    • Identity Deception
    • Vulnerability Discovery and Exploitation
    • Malware
    • Others
    • ML Attacks on ML: Generative Adversarial Networks
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses


The Details

  • Resources to Experiment Yourself
    • Research
    • Datasets
    • ML Platforms
    • ML for Malware Detection
    • Adversarial Platforms

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