A Guidance Framework for Developing and Implementing Vulnerability Management

Archived Published: 22 June 2017 ID: G00325569

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Vulnerability management, including vulnerability assessment, represents a proactive layer of enterprise threat defense. VM remains very challenging to many organizations, and this guidance presents a structured approach to VM best practices for technical professionals focused on security.

Table of Contents

  • Problem Statement
    • Vulnerability Defined
    • Vulnerability Management and Vulnerability Assessment Defined
  • The Gartner Approach
  • The Guidance Framework
    • Planning and Scope Definition
      • Create and Refine VM Policy
      • Define VM Process Scope
    • Vulnerability Assessment
      • Establish Objectives, Scope and Architecture
      • Define the VA Operational Model
      • Execute the VA Cycle
    • Remediation and Mitigation
      • Prioritize Vulnerabilities
      • Decide on a Course of Action
      • Remediate
      • Mitigate
      • Define and Manage Exceptions
      • Validate Success and Rescan
      • Enhance Security Monitoring Where Needed
      • Measure VM Activities
      • Seek to Eliminate Root Causes
  • Risks and Pitfalls
    • Vulnerability Management Alone Is Not Enough
    • It's Not Possible to Immediately Fix All Identified Vulnerabilities
    • There Is No Successful VM Without Effective Communication
    • Insufficient Resources Allocated to Remediation Will Cause Vulnerabilities to Accumulate
    • Fixing Only "High" and "Critical" Vulnerabilities Is Not Enough
    • Broad Exceptions Are Risky
    • Mitigation Without Previous Planning Can Be Disastrous
    • Related Guidance
  • Gartner Welcomes Your Feedback
  • Gartner Recommended Reading
© 2017 Gartner, Inc. and/or its Affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction and distribution of this publication in any form without prior written permission is forbidden. The information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. Gartner disclaims all warranties as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Although Gartners research may discuss legal issues related to the information technology business, Gartner does not provide legal advice or services and its research should not be construed or used as such. Gartner shall have no liability for errors, omissions or inadequacies in the information contained herein or for interpretations thereof. The opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice.

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