Gartner Research

Web Application Frameworks: Evolving to Support the Interactive Web

Published: 16 April 2007

ID: G00203292

Analyst(s): Richard Monson-Haefel


Web application frameworks (WAFs) are the foundation on which the World Wide Web (the Web) is built today, so a clear understanding of the basic technologies that define them and the evolutionary track they must take to remain relevant in the Interactive Web is important. In this Application Platform Strategies overview, Sr. Analyst Richard Monson-Haefel explains the types of WAF technologies available today, the evolution of the Web, and the kinds of technologies that WAF will need to support in the future.

Table Of Contents



  • The Static Web
  • The Dynamic Web
  • The Interactive Web
    • Rich Internet Applications
    • Mashup Services
  • Recommendations

The Details

  • What Is a Framework?
  • Plexus: The First Web Application Framework
  • CGI
  • Accelerators
  • FastCGI and SCGI
  • Web Server Application Programming Interfaces
    • NSAPI
    • ISAPI
    • Apache Modules
    • Java Servlet API
  • WAF Architectures
    • Scripting
    • Markup-templates
    • Model-View-Controller
    • Rapid Web Development
  • WAF Programming Languages
    • Java
    • Microsoft .NET
    • PHP
    • Perl
    • Python
    • Ruby
    • ECMAScript/JavaScript



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