Gartner Research

Essential Skills for Application Architecture

Published: 26 July 2023


Effective application architecture enables digital transformation — improving the way we work and live. To create an effective architecture, application technical professionals must cultivate skills such as AI/ML, agile, DevOps, cloud computing, decoupled APIs and services, and modernization.

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Key Findings
  • Advancements in AI — in particular, generative AI technologies like large language models (LLMs) — have increased interest in and adoption of machine learning. Application architects play a critical role in identifying where and when to adopt and apply AI/ML technologies.

  • Application architects must improve their existing skills and learn new ones to keep pace with digital transformation, meet evolving requirements, adapt to disruption, and stay relevant.

  • To create architectures that adapt to changing business requirements and enable innovation, application architects need to apply a core set of practices and technologies. These include agile, DevOps, mesh app and service architecture

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  • Agile and DevOps Architecture Practices
  • Distributed Apps, APIs and Services Architecture
  • Architecture Decision Making
  • Architecture Refactoring and Modernization
  • Modern Web and Mobile App Architecture
  • Cloud-Native Application Architecture
  • Microservices Architecture
  • Security and Access Management
  • Event-Driven Architecture
  • Data Architecture Patterns and Practices
  • Process Automation and Architecture
  • Platform Engineering and Developer Experience
  • Service Mesh
  • Multiexperience and Micro Frontend Architecture
  • Edge Computing
  • Low-Code Development Platforms
  • AI/ML Application Architecture


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