- The role of a product manager has undergone massive changes over the past decade. Product management teams must adapt to changing dynamics and acquire new skills.
- As product teams become more data-informed, customer-centric and outcome-oriented, product managers need to focus more on leadership, planning and data analysis, apart from the tactical delivery of features and capabilities.
- To increase their relevance, product teams should develop their skills around a whole-product view of customer experience and business outcomes rather than internal business outputs.
Faced with new tools, capabilities and a deeper focus on customer outcomes over business outputs, the role of a product manager has significantly evolved, but it needs to evolve further.
Historically, organizations valued technical and execution-oriented skills in product management roles and positioned product managers as responsible for the interests of engineering and development teams. While technical skills to perform tactical delivery of features and capabilities remain necessary, there is an emerging need for more leadership, planning and data analysis skills, along with a more nuanced understanding of business operations.
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“The evolution of product management skills challenges the traditional Venn diagram of customer, technology and business, and supports a much broader, more specific, cross-domain view of the types of skills that product managers need to demonstrate in their work,” says Clifton Gilley, Senior Director Analyst at Gartner.
The top soft and hard skills for product managers
We see these interpersonal and technical skills growing in relevance as we move toward 2025:
- Storytelling. Help lead both internal and external audiences from idea to value.
- Empathy. Have a deep understanding of the motivations of customers and stakeholders.
- Whole-product experience. Understand the entire customer journey, from initial discovery, to purchasing and implementation, and all the way to retirement.
- Strategic alignment. Take a more active ownership role in product strategy and enable better alignment across an organization’s product portfolio and higher-level business strategy.
- Data insights. This requires not just an understanding of how to collect and mine data, but also deriving insights through tooling and data science to provide more compelling storytelling.
- Discovery and validation. Enable deeper engagement with the market and customers to uncover pertinent problems and determine proposed solutions.
- Customer value projection. Use data to focus on customer outcomes and lifetime value, and provide a perspective on how your company engages with its market.
- Outcome ownership. Shift from focusing on internal, business-derived outputs to truly owning customer outcomes.
How product management is changing — and will change more
The product manager of 2025 will look very different from the product manager of 2020. Your role will become more focused on outcomes and strategic planning, and skills such as storytelling, empathy and strategic alignment will become keys to success, more so than tactical considerations that may fall to product owner or product operations roles. There will be a greater emphasis on bringing the “voice of the customer” and an “outside-in” perspective to the business, and product management will become a role largely rooted in customer data analytics and insights.
Organizations need to reimagine the skills, talents, role definitions and team structures that separate exceptional product managers from the pack. Far too many organizations use a simple seniority-based career progression, rather than one based on the development of new skills or expansion of authority within the organization. The latter approach is advantageous because it gives a complete picture of the skills required to improve the hiring process and team composition. With this, organizations can restructure the product management team to include more specialists with a specific set of skills rather than generalists who attempt to do everything.
To ensure product managers gain or maintain an edge, product management teams, moving toward 2025, should:
- Identify personal and intrateam skills gaps, and make plans to fill those gaps through specialization, training or new hires
- Eliminate seniority-based career progression, focusing instead on the breadth and depth of skills that individuals bring to the team
- Push for greater ownership of product strategy and a whole-product perspective — the when, where and how of customers deriving value from their product experiences