Gartner Research

Evolution of Virtualization: VMs, Containers, Serverless — Which to Use When?

Published: 26 September 2019

ID: G00428591

Analyst(s): Arun Chandrasekaran


New computing abstractions are changing how and where enterprises will consume virtualization. Enterprise architecture and technology innovation leaders should use this decision framework to align their use cases with the appropriate virtualization technologies to benefit from these innovations.

Table Of Contents


  • Virtual Machines
    • Containers
  • Serverless Computing
  • Choose the Appropriate Computing Abstraction by Evaluating These Factors
  • The Future Is Convergence and Blurring of Lines Between These Abstractions
    • VM-Container Convergence
    • Serverless Containers

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