Gartner Research

A Guidance Framework for Developing and Implementing Vulnerability Management

Published: 22 June 2017

ID: G00325569

Analyst(s): Augusto Barros , Anton Chuvakin

Summary

Vulnerability management, including vulnerability assessment, represents a proactive layer of enterprise threat defense. VM remains very challenging to many organizations, and this guidance presents a structured approach to VM best practices for technical professionals focused on security.

Table Of Contents

Problem Statement

  • Vulnerability Defined
  • Vulnerability Management and Vulnerability Assessment Defined

The Gartner Approach

The Guidance Framework

  • Planning and Scope Definition
    • Create and Refine VM Policy
    • Define VM Process Scope
  • Vulnerability Assessment
    • Establish Objectives, Scope and Architecture
    • Define the VA Operational Model
    • Execute the VA Cycle
  • Remediation and Mitigation
    • Prioritize Vulnerabilities
    • Decide on a Course of Action
    • Remediate
    • Mitigate
    • Define and Manage Exceptions
    • Validate Success and Rescan
    • Enhance Security Monitoring Where Needed
    • Measure VM Activities
    • Seek to Eliminate Root Causes

Risks and Pitfalls

  • Vulnerability Management Alone Is Not Enough
  • It's Not Possible to Immediately Fix All Identified Vulnerabilities
  • There Is No Successful VM Without Effective Communication
  • Insufficient Resources Allocated to Remediation Will Cause Vulnerabilities to Accumulate
  • Fixing Only "High" and "Critical" Vulnerabilities Is Not Enough
  • Broad Exceptions Are Risky
  • Mitigation Without Previous Planning Can Be Disastrous
  • Related Guidance

Gartner Welcomes Your Feedback

Gartner Recommended Reading

©2019 Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. and its affiliates. This publication may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without Gartner’s prior written permission. It consists of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization, which should not be construed as statements of fact. While the information contained in this publication has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, Gartner disclaims all warranties as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Although Gartner research may address legal and financial issues, Gartner does not provide legal or investment advice and its research should not be construed or used as such. Your access and use of this publication are governed by Gartner’s Usage Policy. Gartner prides itself on its reputation for independence and objectivity. Its research is produced independently by its research organization without input or influence from any third party. For further information, see Guiding Principles on Independence and Objectivity.

Already have a Gartner Account?

Become a client

Learn how to access this content as a Gartner client.