The Internet of Things (IoT) is a game changer, but until now it has largely labored behind the scenes to improve efficiencies. For example, your single-use coffee maker might have been manufactured in a facility that uses software, sensors and wireless connectivity to optimize production. From a warehouse facility that uses IoT to streamline handling, the coffee maker might be delivered by a driver whose route is dynamically updated based on traffic conditions and remaining delivery addresses.
This year, expect to see a more visible generation of IoT, according to Chet Geschickter, research director at Gartner.
First, “IoT is moving toward mainstream adoption in 2016,” he said. A November 2015 Gartner survey of IT and business leaders showed that “The number of organizations adopting IoT will grow 50% in 2016, reaching 43% of organizations overall,” he said.
What’s also significant about this next generation of IoT deployments is a shift in focus from internal benefits — operating smarter, as in the manufacturing example — to external benefits, such as enhancing the customer experience. “For those enterprises that plan to implement IoT within the next 12 months, the focus shifts away from internal benefits (which drop from 52% to 37%) to external benefits (which jump from 40% to 57%),” said Mr. Geschickter.
This shift toward customer benefits might mean that your single-serve coffee maker may be equipped with sensors that automatically replenish your supply of pods (thereby, selling more coffee) or to analyze consumption to suggest an “extra strong” blend for early risers.
The IoT leadership challenge
If IoT becomes part of the discussion in your organization, what are the top priorities? Technology? Security? According to the Gartner survey, those issues aren’t the biggest IoT challenges.
When survey respondents, including those with organizations that have already deployed IoT, were asked about the three biggest barriers to the success of IoT, business- and “people”-focused issues comprised the top-three roadblocks cited.
Here’s how respondents ranked the challenges:
- Unclear business benefits
- Insufficient expertise/staffing
- No clear leadership for IoT
Surprising — or not? Think about the massive convergence of not just things, but also business applications, data analysis, infrastructure and partners that IoT demands — all of which require orchestration, vision and leadership.
When asked about leadership, the majority of organizations that are currently using IoT point to directors in their business units. Most organizations planning to deploy IoT in 2016 position CIOs in the leadership role.
The number of organizations adopting IoT will grow 50% in 2016.
If you’re a CIO entering or introducing discussions about IoT, Mr. Geschickter’s advice is to “Collaborate with other leaders, such as the CMO, business-unit heads and executive leadership, to identify business benefits that could be achieved with IoT.”
Next, plan a Mode 2 pilot project to validate what benefits are possible. From an organizational standpoint, he said, assign a pilot project leader and conduct a skills gap analysis. Be prepared to augment existing resources with outside expertise if necessary, but “Plan to centralize leadership of IoT across the enterprise under the CIO or CTO.”